Recent Submissions

Composition and Nutritional Quality of the Diet in Spanish Households during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

In Spain, the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic led to the declaration of a state of alarm in the whole country in 2020; in this context, a nationwide lockdown was implemented, potentially altering the dietary habits of the population. The aims of this study were to describe the diet an...

Demographic and health attributes of the Nahua, initial contact population of the Peruvian Amazon. 

[EN] We present the case of the Nahua population of Santa Rosa de Serjali, Peruvian Amazon's population, considered of initial contact. This population consists of human groups that for a long time decided to live in isolation, but lately have begun living a more sedentary lifestyle and in contact ...

Health professions and risk of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, 1965 to 2010. 

In 2009, a pathologist with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (sCJD) was reported to the Spanish registry. This case prompted a request for information on health-related occupation in sCJD cases from countries participating in the European Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease Surveillance network (EuroCJD). ...

Assessing the burden of paediatric influenza in Europe: the European Paediatric Influenza Analysis (EPIA) project. 

The European Paediatric Influenza Analysis (EPIA) project is a multi-country project that was created to collect, analyse and present data regarding the paediatric influenza burden in European countries, with the purpose of providing the necessary information to make evidence-based decisions regard...

Nivel de Arsénico en abastecimientos de agua de consumo de origen subterráneo en la Comunidad de Madrid 

[ES] En 1998 se detectaron en la Comunidad de Madrid concentraciones de arsénico mayores de 50mg/l en algunos abastecimientos de agua de consumo de origen subterráneo, concentración máxima admisible en el agua de bebida en España. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la concentración de arsén...

Clinically relevant transmitted drug resistance to first line antiretroviral drugs and implications for recommendations. 

The aim was to analyse trends in clinically relevant resistance to first-line antiretroviral drugs in Spain, applying the Stanford algorithm, and to compare these results with reported Transmitted Drug Resistance (TDR) defined by the 2009 update of the WHO SDRM list. We analysed 2781 sequences fro...

HIV testing policies for migrants and ethnic minorities in EU/EFTA Member States. 

In the context of an European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) research project, our objective was to describe current recommendations regarding HIV testing and counselling targeting migrants and ethnic minorities in the European Union/European Economic Area/European Free Trade Asso...

Medical, environmental and personal factors of disability in the elderly in Spain: a screening survey based on the International Classification of Functioning. 

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) advocates a multifactorial and multifaceted conceptualization of disability. The objective of this study was to ascertain major medical, environmental and personal determinants of severe/extreme disability among the elderl...

Drivers: A Biologically Contextualized, Cross-Inferential View of the Epidemiology of Neurodegenerative Disorders. 

Sutherland et al. (2011) suggested that, instead of risk factors for single neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs), there was a need to identify specific "drivers", i.e., risk factors with impact on specific deposits, such as amyloid-β, tau, or α-synuclein, acting across entities. Redefining drivers a...

Association between Polyphenol Intake and Gastric Cancer Risk by Anatomic and Histologic Subtypes: MCC-Spain. 

Several anticancer properties have been largely attributed to phenolics in in vivo and in vitro studies, but epidemiologic evidence is still scarce. Furthermore, some classes have not been studied in relation to gastric cancer (GC). The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the i...

Impact of the economic crisis on the health of older persons in Spain: research clues based on an analysis of mortality. SESPAS report 2014. 

Older adults are seldom considered in studies on the health impact of economic recessions or crises. However, they constitute a population group that is highly vulnerable to decreases in investment in health and social services and social security. Our aim is to examine the relationship between the...

Uso de recursos sanitarios y costes asociados al tratamiento antirretroviral de primera línea en España en la era de los inhibidores de la integrasa. 

[ES] Introducción: El objetivo fue evaluar el uso de recursos sanitarios y costes asociados durante el primer año de tratamiento antirretroviral (TAR) con las pautas de primera línea prescritas más frecuentemente en los pacientes de la cohorte de la Red Española de Investigación en SIDA en la era ...

Opinions Towards Key Operational Aspects for the Implementation of HIV Self-Testing in Spain: A Comparison between Stakeholders and Potential Users. 

We assessed previous knowledge about the existence of HIV self-testing of stakeholders in Spain, as well as their personal position towards this methodology. We also assessed their views on potential users' (PU) opinions towards several key operational aspects surrounding self-testing, and compared...

Validación de la escala de convivencia con artrosis en la población español 

[ES] Presentar los resultados psicométricos de la escala de convivencia con artrosis (EC-Artrosis) en la población española. Diseño Estudio observacional, multicéntrico y transversal, con retest en una fracción de la muestra. Centros públicos y privados de atención primaria y secundaria, a...

DNA methylation and cancer incidence: lymphatic-hematopoietic versus solid cancers in the Strong Heart Study. 

Epigenetic alterations may contribute to early detection of cancer. We evaluated the association of blood DNA methylation with lymphatic-hematopoietic cancers and, for comparison, with solid cancers. We also evaluated the predictive ability of DNA methylation for lymphatic-hematopoietic cancers. B...

Magnitud y factores asociados al fenómeno de la muerte solitaria del anciano en la Comunidad Valenciana 

[ES] En la Comunidad Valenciana un 23% de los ancianos viven solos, representando la muer-te solitaria del anciano un efecto indeseado del envejeci-miento. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la magnitud de este fenómeno y sus factores de riesgo en la población mayor de 64 años d...

Lockdown measures and relative changes in the age-specific incidence of SARS-CoV-2 in Spain. 

The first months of the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Spain resulted in high incidence and mortality. A national sero-epidemiological survey suggests higher cumulative incidence of infection in older individuals than in younger individuals. However, little is known about the epidemic dynamics in different...

Selenium and impaired physical function in US and Spanish older adults. 

Selenium (Se) is a trace element with a narrow safety margin. To evaluate the cross-sectional and longitudinal dose-response association between Se exposure and measures of impaired physical function and disability in older adults. NHANES 2011-2014 cross-sectional (US, n = 1733, age ≥60 years) an...