Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/16889
Maternal DNA methylation signatures of arsenic exposure is associated with adult offspring insulin resistance in the Strong Heart Study
Environ Int. 2023 Mar:173:107774.
Exposure to low to moderate arsenic (As) levels has been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and other chronic diseases in American Indian communities. Prenatal exposure to As may also increase the risk for T2D in adulthood, and maternal As has been associated with adult offspring metabolic health measurements. We hypothesized that T2D-related outcomes in adult offspring born to women exposed to low to moderate As can be evaluated utilizing a maternally-derived molecular biosignature of As exposure. Herein, we evaluated the association of maternal DNA methylation with incident T2D and insulin resistance (Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA2-IR]) in adult offspring. For DNA methylation, we used 20 differentially methylated cytosine-guanine dinucleotides (CpG) previously associated with the sum of inorganic and methylated As species (ΣAs) in urine in the Strong Heart Study (SHS). Of these 20 CpGs, we found six CpGs nominally associated (p < 0.05) with HOMA2-IR in a fully adjusted model that included clinically relevant covariates and offspring adiposity measurements; a similar model that adjusted instead for maternal adiposity measurements found three CpGs nominally associated with HOMA2-IR, two of which overlapped the offspring adiposity model. After adjusting for multiple comparisons, cg03036214 remained associated with HOMA2-IR (q < 0.10) in the offspring adiposity model. The odds ratio of incident T2D increased with an increase in maternal DNA methylation at one HOMA2-IR associated CpG in the model adjusting for offspring adiposity, cg12116137, whereas adjusting for maternal adiposity had a minimal effect on the association. Our data suggests offspring adiposity, rather than maternal adiposity, potentially influences the effects of maternal DNAm signatures on offspring metabolic health parameters. Here, we have presented evidence supporting a role for epigenetic biosignatures of maternal As exposure as a potential biomarker for evaluating risk of T2D-related outcomes in offspring later in life.
American Indians | Arsenic | Diabetes | Epigenetics | Insulin resistance | DNA methylation | Strong Heart Study
Arsenic | Insulin Resistance | Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Pregnancy | Adult | Humans | Female | DNA Methylation | Adult Children | Obesity