Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/16822
Middle East respiratory coronavirus (MERS-CoV) internalized by llama alveolar macrophages does not result in virus replication or induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines
Microbes Infect. 2023 Nov 18:105252.
Severe Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is characterized by massive infiltration of immune cells in lungs. MERS-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) replicates in vitro in human macrophages, inducing high pro-inflammatory responses. In contrast, camelids, the main reservoir for MERS-CoV, are asymptomatic carriers. Although limited infiltration of leukocytes has been observed in the lower respiratory tract of camelids, their role during infection remains unknown. Here we studied whether llama alveolar macrophages (LAMs) are susceptible to MERS-CoV infection and can elicit pro-inflammatory responses. MERS-CoV did not replicate in LAMs; however, they effectively capture and degrade viral particles. Moreover, transcriptomic analyses showed that LAMs do not induce pro-inflammatory cytokines upon MERS-CoV sensing.
Alveolar macrophages | Immune responses | Llama | MERS-CoV | Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus | Pro-inflammatory cytokines