Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/16113
Synthesis of Quinoline and Dihydroquinoline Embelin Derivatives as Cardioprotective Agents
J Nat Prod. 2023 Feb 24;86(2):317-329.
A set of new dihydroquinoline embelin derivatives was obtained from the reaction of the natural benzoquinone embelin (1) with anilines and aromatic aldehydes in the presence of AgOTf. The synthesis of these compounds involves the formation of a Knoevenagel adduct, followed by nucleophilic addition of aniline and subsequent electrocyclic ring closure. The scope of the reaction regarding the aldehydes and anilines was determined. Quinoline derivatives were also obtained from the corresponding dihydroquinolines under oxidation with DDQ. The cardioprotective activity of the synthesized compounds was screened using a doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity model in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Some structure-activity relationships were outlined, and the best activities were achieved with quinoline-embelin derivatives having a 4-nitrophenyl group attached at the pyridine ring. The obtained results indicated that embelin derivatives 4i, 6a, 6d, 6k, and 6m could have potential as cardioprotective agents, as they attenuated a DOX-induced cardiotoxicity effect acting on oxidative stress and apoptosis.
Cardiotonic Agents | Quinolines | Humans | Cardiotoxicity | Doxorubicin | Benzoquinones | Oxidative Stress | Myocytes, Cardiac | Apoptosis | Aniline Compounds | Aldehydes
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