Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/16095
Genomic Analysis of West Nile Virus Lineage 1 Detected in Mosquitoes during the 2020-2021 Outbreaks in Andalusia, Spain
Ruiz-López, María José | Muñoz-Chimeno, Milagros ISCIII | Figuerola, Jordi | Gavilán, Ana M ISCIII | Varona Fernandez, Sarai ISCIII | Cuesta de la Plaza, Isabel ISCIII | Martínez-de la Puente, Josué | Zaballos, Ángel ISCIII | Molero-Sanz, Francisca ISCIII | Soriguer, Ramón C | Sánchez-Seco, María Paz ISCIII | Ruiz, Santiago | Vazquez, Ana ISCIII
Viruses. 2023 Jan 17;15(2):266.
Emerging infectious diseases are one of the most important global health challenges because of their impact on human and animal health. The vector-borne West Nile virus (WNV) is transmitted between birds by mosquitos, but it can also infect humans and horses causing disease. The local circulation of WNV in Spain has been known for decades, and since 2010, there have been regular outbreaks in horses, although only six cases were reported in humans until 2019. In 2020, Spain experienced a major outbreak with 77 human cases, which was followed by 6 additional cases in 2021, most of them in the Andalusian region (southern Spain). This study aimed to characterize the genomes of the WNV circulating in wild-trapped mosquitoes during 2020 and 2021 in Andalusia. We sequenced the WNV consensus genome from two mosquito pools and carried out the phylogenetic analyses. We also compared the obtained genomes with those sequenced from human samples obtained during the outbreak and the genomes obtained previously in Spain from birds (2007 and 2017), mosquitoes (2008) and horses (2010) to better understand the eco-epidemiology of WNV in Spain. As expected, the WNV genomes recovered from mosquito pools in 2020 were closely related to those recovered from humans of the same outbreak. In addition, the strain of WNV circulating in 2021 was highly related to the WNV strain that caused the 2020 outbreak, suggesting that WNV is overwintering in the area. Consequently, future outbreaks of the same strain may occur in in the future.
West Nile virus | Culicidae | Humans | Animals | Horses | Phylogeny | Spain | Mosquito Vectors | Genomics | Disease Outbreaks