Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/15132
Which actionable statements qualify as good practice statements In Covid-19 guidelines? A systematic appraisal.
Dewidar, Omar | Lotfi, Tamara | Langendam, Miranda | Parmelli, Elena | Saz-Parkinson, ZuleiKa ISCIII | Solo, Karla | Chu, Derek K | Mathew, Joseph L | Akl, Elie A | Brignardello-Petersen, Romina | Mustafa, Reem A | Moja, Lorenzo | Iorio, Alfonso | Chi, Yuan | Canelo-Aybar, Carlos | Kredo, Tamara | Karpusheff, Justine | Turgeon, Alexis F | Alonso-Coello, Pablo | Wiercioch, Wojtek | Gerritsen, Annette | Klugar, Miloslav | Rojas, María Ximena | Tugwell, Peter | Welch, Vivian Andrea | Pottie, Kevin | Munn, Zachary | Nieuwlaat, Robby | Ford, Nathan | Stevens, Adrienne | Khabsa, Joanne | Nasir, Zil | Leontiadis, Grigorios I | Meerpohl, Joerg J | Piggott, Thomas | Qaseem, Amir | Matthews, Micayla | Schünemann, Holger J | eCOVID-19 recommendations map collaborators
BMJ Evid Based Med. 2022 Apr 15;bmjebm-2021-111866.
Objectives: To evaluate the development and quality of actionable statements that qualify as good practice statements (GPS) reported in COVID-19 guidelines. Design and setting: Systematic review . We searched MEDLINE, MedSci, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), databases of Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Guidelines, NICE, WHO and Guidelines International Network (GIN) from March 2020 to September 2021. We included original or adapted recommendations addressing any COVID-19 topic. Main outcome measures: We used GRADE Working Group criteria for assessing the appropriateness of issuing a GPS: (1) clear and actionable; (2) rationale necessitating the message for healthcare practice; (3) practicality of systematically searching for evidence; (4) likely net positive consequences from implementing the GPS and (5) clear link to the indirect evidence. We assessed guideline quality using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II tool. Results: 253 guidelines from 44 professional societies issued 3726 actionable statements. We classified 2375 (64%) as GPS; of which 27 (1%) were labelled as GPS by guideline developers. 5 (19%) were labelled as GPS by their authors but did not meet GPS criteria. Of the 2375 GPS, 85% were clear and actionable; 59% provided a rationale necessitating the message for healthcare practice, 24% reported the net positive consequences from implementing the GPS. Systematic collection of evidence was deemed impractical for 13% of the GPS, and 39% explained the chain of indirect evidence supporting GPS development. 173/2375 (7.3%) statements explicitly satisfied all five criteria. The guidelines' overall quality was poor regardless of the appropriateness of GPS development and labelling. Conclusions: Statements that qualify as GPS are common in COVID-19 guidelines but are characterised by unclear designation and development processes, and methodological weaknesses.
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