Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/14974
Central human B cell tolerance manifests with a distinctive cell phenotype and is enforced via CXCR4 signaling in hu-mice
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2021 Apr 20;118(16):e2021570118.
Central B cell tolerance, the process restricting the development of many newly generated autoreactive B cells, has been intensely investigated in mouse cells while studies in humans have been hampered by the inability to phenotypically distinguish autoreactive and nonautoreactive immature B cell clones and the difficulty in accessing fresh human bone marrow samples. Using a human immune system mouse model in which all human Igκ+ B cells undergo central tolerance, we discovered that human autoreactive immature B cells exhibit a distinctive phenotype that includes lower activation of ERK and differential expression of CD69, CD81, CXCR4, and other glycoproteins. Human B cells exhibiting these characteristics were observed in fresh human bone marrow tissue biopsy specimens, although differences in marker expression were smaller than in the humanized mouse model. Furthermore, the expression of these markers was slightly altered in autoreactive B cells of humanized mice engrafted with some human immune systems genetically predisposed to autoimmunity. Finally, by treating mice and human immune system mice with a pharmacologic antagonist, we show that signaling by CXCR4 is necessary to prevent both human and mouse autoreactive B cell clones from egressing the bone marrow, indicating that CXCR4 functionally contributes to central B cell tolerance.
Animals | Autoantibodies | Autoantigens | Autoimmunity | B-Lymphocytes | Bone Marrow | Bone Marrow Cells | Cell Differentiation | Central Tolerance | Female | Humans | Immune Tolerance | Infant, Newborn | Male | Mice | Mice, Inbred BALB C | Mice, Transgenic | Phenotype | Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid | Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell | Receptors, CXCR4 | Signal Transduction
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