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dc.contributor.authorPérez-Martínez, Vanesa
dc.contributor.authorSanz-Barbero, Belén 
dc.contributor.authorFerrer-Cascales, Rosario
dc.contributor.authorBowes, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorAyala, Alba 
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-SanSegundo, Miriam
dc.contributor.authorAlbaladejo-Blázquez, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorRosati, Nicoletta
dc.contributor.authorNeves, Sofia
dc.contributor.authorVieira, Cristina Pereira
dc.contributor.authorJankowiak, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorJaskulska, Sylwia
dc.contributor.authorWaszyńska, Katarzyna
dc.contributor.authorVives-Cases, Carmen
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health. 2022 Mar 3;22(1):426.es_ES
dc.description.abstractBackground: Machismo and acceptance of violence (AV) against women are part of the social construction of hegemonic masculinity and are related to the risk of dating violence. This study aims to analyze the efectiveness of the Lights4Violence program in reducing machismo and AV in secondary school students from diferent European cities. Methods: Quasi-experimental longitudinal study using a convenience sample of 1,146 high school students from diferent European cities (12–17 years old) including 575 intervention group students (59.1% girls) and 571 control group students (62.7% girls). We performed linear regression models to identify the efect of the intervention, modelling the diference in means in machismo and AV (dependent variables) between wave-2 and wave-1. Results: An interaction was identifed between the group variable and the empathy variable. In wave-2, girls with high empathy at baseline in the intervention group obtained lower mean AV scores (β: -0.131; p=0.004). However, the boys in the intervention group (reference: control group) with low empathy at baseline registered a signifcant increase in the mean values of machismo (β: 0.247; p<0.001). Conclusion: The importance of empathy is shown in the efectiveness of interventions to reduce machismo and AV in adolescents. While the Lights4Violence program focuses on promoting healthy relationships, there were some controversial results. It is possible that some children, especially those with less empathy, may have felt “challenged” during the intervention and/or assessment. This suggests the need for the development of interventions that also consider psychological processes and integrate the promotion of positive expressions of masculinity.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe project “Lights, Camera and Action against Dating Violence” (Ligts4Violence) was funded by the European Commission Directorate-General Justice and Consumers Rights, Equality and Citizen Violence Against Women Program 2016 for the period 2017–2019 to promote healthy dating relationship assets among secondary school students from different European countries, under grant agreement No. 776905. It was also co-supported by the CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health of Spain for its aid to the Gender-based Violence and Youth Research Program. This study was conducted within the grant received from Instituto de Salud Carlos III, FEDER, and V. Pérez-Martínez is recipient of PFIS grant from FSE (FI19/00201).es_ES
dc.publisherBioMed Central (BMC) es_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.subjectAcceptance of violencees_ES
dc.subjectIntimate partner violencees_ES
dc.titleEvaluation of the lights4violence program: reduction in machismo and acceptance of violence among adolescents in Europees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderCentro de Investigación Biomédica en Red - CIBERESP (Epidemiología y Salud Pública)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Regional Development Fund es_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission es_ES
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III es_ES
dc.identifier.journalBMC Public Healthes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Escuela Nacional de Sanidades_ES

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