Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/14468
Molecular characterization of enterovirus detected in cerebrospinal fluid and wastewater samples in Monastir, Tunisia, 2014-2017
Virol J. 2022 Mar 18;19(1):45.
Background: Enteroviruses (EVs) are considered the main causative agents responsible for aseptic meningitis worldwide. This study was conducted in the Monastir region of Tunisia in order to know the prevalence of EV infections in children with meningitis symptoms. Detected EV types were compared to those identified in wastewater samples. Methods: Two hundred CSF samples collected from hospitalized patients suspected of having aseptic meningitis for an EV infection between May 2014 and May 2017 and 80 wastewater samples collected in the same time-period were analyzed. EV detection and genotyping were performed using PCR methods followed by sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses in the 3'-VP1 region were also carried-out. Results: EVs were detected in 12% (24/200) CSF and in 35% (28/80) wastewater samples. EV genotyping was reached in 50% (12/24) CSF-positive samples and in 64% (18/28) sewage. Most frequent types detected in CSF were CVB3, E-30 and E-9 (25% each). In wastewater samples, the same EVs were identified, but also other types non-detected in CSF samples, such as E-17,CVA9 and CVB1 from EV species B, and EV-A71 and CVA8 from EV-A, suggesting their likely lower pathogenicity. Phylogenetic analysis showed that within the same type, different strains circulate in Tunisia. For some of the EV types such as E-9, E-11 or CVB3, the same strains were detected in CSF and wastewater samples. Conclusions: Epidemiological studies are important for the surveillance of the EV infections and to better understand the emergence of certain types and variants.
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