Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/14170
Determinants of Fatal Outcome in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units With Influenza, European Union 2009-2017
Adlhoch, Cornelia | Gomes Dias, Joana | Bonmarin, Isabelle | Hubert, Bruno | Larrauri, Amparo ISCIII | Oliva Dominguez, Jesus Angel ISCIII | Delgado-Sanz, Concepción ISCIII | Brytting, Mia | Carnahan, AnnaSara | Popovici, Odette | Lupulescu, Emilia | O'Donnell, Joan | Domegan, Lisa | Van Gageldonk-Lafeber, Arianne B | Meijer, Adam | Kynčl, Jan | Slezák, Pavel | Guiomar, Raquel | Orta Gomes, Carlos M | Popow-Kraupp, Theresia | Mikas, Ján | Staroňová, Edita | Melillo, Jackie M | Melillo, Tanya | Ikonen, Niina | Lyytikäinen, Outi | Snacken, René | Penttinen, Pasi
Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019;6(11):ofz462.
Background: Morbidity, severity, and mortality associated with annual influenza epidemics are of public health concern. We analyzed surveillance data on hospitalized laboratory-confirmed influenza cases admitted to intensive care units to identify common determinants for fatal outcome and inform and target public health prevention strategies, including risk communication. Methods: We performed a descriptive analysis and used Poisson regression models with robust variance to estimate the association of age, sex, virus (sub)type, and underlying medical condition with fatal outcome using European Union data from 2009 to 2017. Results: Of 13 368 cases included in the basic dataset, 2806 (21%) were fatal. Age ≥40 years and infection with influenza A virus were associated with fatal outcome. Of 5886 cases with known underlying medical conditions and virus A subtype included in a more detailed analysis, 1349 (23%) were fatal. Influenza virus A(H1N1)pdm09 or A(H3N2) infection, age ≥60 years, cancer, human immunodeficiency virus infection and/or other immune deficiency, and heart, kidney, and liver disease were associated with fatal outcome; the risk of death was lower for patients with chronic lung disease and for pregnant women. Conclusions: This study re-emphasises the importance of preventing influenza in the elderly and tailoring strategies to risk groups with underlying medical conditions.
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