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dc.contributor.authorAnegagrie, Melaku 
dc.contributor.authorLanfri, Sofía
dc.contributor.authorAmor Aramendia, Aranzazu 
dc.contributor.authorScavuzzo, Carlos Matías
dc.contributor.authorHerrador, Zaida 
dc.contributor.authorBenito, Agustin 
dc.contributor.authorPeriago, Maria Victoria
dc.identifier.citationPLoS Negl Trop Dis 15(6): e0009466.es_ES
dc.description.abstractSoil-Transmitted Helminths (STH) are highly prevalent Neglected Tropical Disease in Ethiopia, an estimated 26 million are infected. Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing (RS) technologies assist data mapping and analysis, and the prediction of the spatial distribution of infection in relation to environmental variables. The influence of socioeconomic, environmental and soil characteristics on hookworm infection at the individual and household level is explored in order to identify spatial patterns of infection in rural villages from Zenzelema (Amhara region). Inhabitants greater than 5 years old were recruited in order to assess the presence of STH. Socioeconomic and hookworm infection variables at the household level and environmental variables and soil characteristics using RS were obtained. The dominant STH found was hookworm. Individuals which practiced open defecation and those without electricity had a significant higher number of hookworm eggs in their stool. Additionally, adults showed statistically higher hookworm egg counts than children. Nonetheless, the probability of hookworm infection was not determined by socioeconomic conditions but by environmental characteristics surrounding the households, including a combination of vigorous vegetation and bare soil, high temperatures, and compacted soils (high bulk density) with more acidic pH, given a pH of 6.0 is optimal for hatching of hookworm eggs. The identification of high-risk environmental areas provides a useful tool for planning, targeting and monitoring of control measures, including not only children but also adults when hookworm is concerned.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by Fundación Mundo Sano and Instituto de Salud Carlos III. CMS has a PhD scholarship from Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). The funders had no roles in the design of the study or collection, analysis and interpretation of the data.es_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLOS) es_ES
dc.titleEnvironmental characteristics around the household and their association with hookworm infection in rural communities from Bahir Dar, Amhara Region, Ethiopiaes_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderFundación Mundo Sano es_ES
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III es_ES
dc.contributor.funderNational Scientific and Technical Research Council (Argentina) es_ES
dc.identifier.journalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseaseses_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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