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dc.contributor.authorRoyo-Bordonada, Miguel Angel 
dc.contributor.authorGarcia Lopez, Fernando Jose 
dc.contributor.authorCortés, Fátima
dc.contributor.authorZaragoza, Gustavo Andrés
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-12T09:03:21Z
dc.date.available2021-02-12T09:03:21Z
dc.date.issued2021-12
dc.identifier.citationGac Sanit. Nov-Dec 2021;35(6):580-584.es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/11858
dc.description.abstractIn most European countries, facemasks use is recommended or mandatory in enclosed spaces where physical distancing is not possible. In Spain, this measure was first extended to open public spaces and later made mandatory regardless of whether or not the interpersonal safety distance can be kept. At present, there is no evidence on the effectiveness of universal masking of healthy people in the community to prevent infection with respiratory viruses, including SARS-CoV-2. The mandatory use of masks poses some ethical questions. Firstly, it entails a paternalistic action. Secondly, application of the principle of precaution becomes questionable when there is no clear benefit-risk relationship. Thirdly, compulsoriness can interfere with equity of public health actions. Fourthly, it can result in social stigma and discrimination against those who do not wear one, even though they well may have good reasons for doing so. Lastly, this measure may generate confusion in the population, along with an altered perception of the risk. The World Health Organization recommends its use in public places with a high potential risk of transmission and where other prevention measures, such as physical distancing, are not possible. Mandatory use of masks in public open spaces, regardless of the risk of transmission or of whether or not the interpersonal safety distance can be kept, is an intrusive measure that restricts individual freedoms, and would not appear to be justified on the basis of available scientific evidence. What we need are recommendations explaining where, when, how and what type of mask to wear.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis publication was supported by the Spanish Health Research Fund of the Institute of Health Carlos III (Project ENPY 120/18).es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherElsevier es_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectCOVID-19es_ES
dc.subjectDisease transmissiones_ES
dc.subjectEspañaes_ES
dc.subjectEstigmaes_ES
dc.subjectFace maskses_ES
dc.subjectIndividual freedomes_ES
dc.subjectInequidades_ES
dc.subjectInequityes_ES
dc.subjectLibertades individuales_ES
dc.subjectMascarillaes_ES
dc.subjectPublic health ethicses_ES
dc.subjectSpaines_ES
dc.subjectStigmaes_ES
dc.subjectTransmisión de enfermedaes_ES
dc.subjectÉtica y salud públicaes_ES
dc.subjectInequidades_ES
dc.titleFace masks in the general healthy population. Scientific and ethical issueses_ES
dc.typeArtículoes_ES
dc.rights.licenseAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.identifier.pubmedID32988664es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.gaceta.2020.08.003es_ES
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III 
dc.description.peerreviewedes_ES
dc.identifier.e-issn1578-1283es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2020.08.003es_ES
dc.identifier.journalGaceta sanitariaes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemologíaes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Escuela Nacional de Sanidades_ES
dc.repisalud.institucionISCIIIes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
This item is licensed under a: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional