Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGalan, Iñaki 
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, M José
dc.contributor.authorValencia-Martín, José L
dc.identifier.citationRev Esp Salud Publica . 2014 Aug;88(4):529-40.es_ES
dc.description.abstractAlcohol consumption in Mediterranean countries is in a transition period. The objective is to describe in the Spanish adult population the pattern of alcohol consumption by major sociodemographic variables. A cross-sectional study among 20,608 individuals aged ≥ 15 years who participated in the Spanish Health Interview Survey (ENS) 2011-2012. According to average intake, people were classified as heavy drinkers if they drank ≥ 40 g/day of alcohol (men) or ≥ 24 g/day (women). Binge drinking was defined as the consumption of ≥ 6 standard drinks (men) and ≥ 5 (women) at any drinking occasion (4-6 hours) in the last year. The beverage preference and the trend for 1987-2012 (ENS of these years) were estimated. The relationship of the distribution of drinking patterns with sociodemographic variables was analyzed using adjusted logistic regression models. The prevalence of heavy drinkers was 1.3% (2% in men and 0.7% in women). In men, heavy drinking was more frequent among 45 to 64 year olds (odds ratio (OR)=2.92 compared to men of 15-29 years; CI 95%: 1.59-5.38) and those born in Spain (OR=3.45; CI 95%: 1.59-7.69). In women, the only differences observed were those regarding education level, with heavy drinking increasing as the level of education increases (p linear trend <0.001). The prevalence of binge drinking during the last year was 19.6% in men and 7.1% in women. In both genders, the risk of binge drinking decreased with age and increased with higher education level (p linear trend <0.001). The standardized prevalence of heavy drinkers has declined from 18.8% in 1987 to 1.3% in 2012. Alcohol consumption in Spain is consistent with the model for countries in transition, where binge drinking is the most common pattern of excessive use of alcohol. A strong decline in heavy drinkers was observed and wine has been displaced by beer in beverage preference.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEste estudio se ha realizado en el marco del Grupo de Trabajo sobre Alcohol de la Sociedad Española de Epidemiología. Los autores agradecen la ayuda económica del Plan Nacional sobre Drogas que ha contribuido a su funcionamiento (órdenes SSI 2800/2012 y 131/2013).es_ES
dc.publisherMinisterio de Sanidad y Consumoes_ES
dc.subject.meshAdolescent es_ES
dc.subject.meshAdult es_ES
dc.subject.meshAged es_ES
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and over es_ES
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinking es_ES
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHealth Surveys es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshLogistic Models es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged es_ES
dc.subject.meshOdds Ratio es_ES
dc.subject.meshPrevalence es_ES
dc.subject.meshSpain es_ES
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult es_ES
dc.titlePatrones de consumo de alcohol en España: un país en transiciónes_ES
dc.title.alternativeAlcohol drinking patterns in Spain: a country in transition.es_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderPlan Nacional de Drogas (España)
dc.identifier.journalRevista espanola de salud publicaes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemologíaes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/SSI 2800/2012es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/SSI 131/2013es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

Files in this item

Acceso Abierto

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional
This item is licensed under a: Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional