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dc.contributor.authorDomínguez-Berjón, M Felícitas
dc.contributor.authorBorrell, Carme
dc.contributor.authorCano-Serral, Gemma
dc.contributor.authorEsnaola, Santiago
dc.contributor.authorNolasco, Andreu
dc.contributor.authorPasarín, M Isabel
dc.contributor.authorRamis, Rebeca 
dc.contributor.authorSaurina, Carme
dc.contributor.authorEscolar-Pujolar, Antonio
dc.identifier.citationGac Sanit . May-Jun 2008;22(3):179-87.es_ES
dc.description.abstracta) To describe the methodology used to construct a deprivation index by census tract in cities, to identify the tracts with the least favorable socioeconomic conditions, and b) to analyze the association between this index and overall mortality. Several socioeconomic indicators (Census 2001) were defined by the census tracts of the following cities: Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Seville and Valencia. The correlations with the standardized mortality ratio (1996-2003), and the dimensionality of the socioeconomic indicators were studied. Finally, the selected indicators were aggregated in an index, in which the results of the factor loadings from extraction of a factor by principal components were used as weighting values. The indicators with the strongest correlations with overall mortality were those related to work, education, housing conditions and single parent homes. In the analysis of dimensionality, a first dimension appeared that contained indicators related to work (unemployment, manual and eventual workers) and education (insufficient education overall and in young people). In all the cities studied, the index created with these 5 indicators explained more than 75% of their variability. The correlations between this index and mortality generally showed higher values than those obtained with each indicator separately. The deprivation index proposed could be a useful instrument for health planning as it detects small areas of large cities with unfavorable socioeconomic characteristics and is associated with mortality. This index could contribute to the study of social inequalities in health in Spain.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEstudio parcialmente financiado por el proyecto «Mortalidad en áreas pequeñas Españolas y Desigualdades socioeconómicas y Ambientales (MEDEA)»: PI04/2013 (Barcelona), PI04/0388 (Bilbao), PI04/0069 (Madrid), PI04/2098 (Sevilla) y PI04/0170 (Valencia), y por la Red de Centros de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (FISS C03/09).es_ES
dc.subjectÁreas pequeñases_ES
dc.subjectDesigualdades en saludes_ES
dc.subjectIndicadores socioeconómicoses_ES
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshCensuses es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHealth Status Indicators es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshMortality es_ES
dc.subject.meshSpain es_ES
dc.subject.meshUrban Population es_ES
dc.titleConstructing a deprivation index based on census data in large Spanish cities(the MEDEA project)es_ES
dc.title.alternativeConstructing a deprivation index based on census data in large Spanish cities(the MEDEA project)es_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderRed tematica de investigacion cooperativa de centros en Epidemiologia y salud publica
dc.identifier.journalGaceta sanitariaes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemologíaes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FISS C03/09es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
This item is licensed under a: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional