Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/11337
Epidemiological trend of hepatitis C-related liver events in Spain (2000-2015): A nationwide population-based study.
Eur J Intern Med . 2020 May;75:84-92.
Analysis the epidemiological trends of hospital admissions, intra-hospital deaths, and costs related to chronic hepatitis C (CHC) taking into account four major clinical stages [compensated cirrhosis (CC), end-stage liver disease (ESLD), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and liver transplantation (LT)] in Spain. Retrospective study in patients with chronic hepatitis C and a hospital admission in the Spanish Minimum Basic Data Set from 2000 to 2015. Outcome variables were admission, death, length of hospital stay and costs. A total of 868,523 hospital admissions with CHC (25.5% CC, 25.3% ESLD, 8.6% HCC, and 2.5% LT) were identified. Overall rates of admission and mortality increased from 2000-2003 to 2004-2007, but after 2008, these rates stabilized and/or decreased. An upward trend was found for hospitalization percentage in CC (from 22.3% to 30%; p < 0.001), ESLD (from 23.9% to 27.1%; p < 0.001), HCC (from 7.4% to 11%; p < 0.001), and LT (from 0.07% to 0.10%; p = 0.003). An upward trend was also found for case fatality rate, except in ESLD (p = 0.944). Gender and age influenced the evolution of hospitalization rates and mortality differently. The length of hospital stay showed a significant downward trend in all strata analyzed (p < 0.001). Cost per patient had a significant upward trend (p < 0.001), except in LT, and a decrease from 2008-2011 to 2012-2015 in CC (p = 0.025), HCC (p < 0.001), and LT (p = 0.050) was found. The initial upward trend of the disease burden in CHC has changed from 2000 to 2015 in Spain, improving in many parameters after 2004-2007, particularly in the 2012-2015 calendar period.
Chronic hepatitis C | Cirrhosis | hepatocarcinoma | liver transplantation | End stage liver disease | Hospital admissions | ICD9CM codes | Mortality
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