Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/11109
Automatic Diagnosis of Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension Based on Volumetric Data from SPECT Ventilation and Perfusion Images
Appl Sci. 2020; 10(15):11
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is confirmed by visual analysis of single-photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) ventilation and perfusion (V/Q) images. Defects in the perfusion image discordant with the ventilation image indicate obstructed segments and the positive diagnosis of CTEPH. A quantitative metric and classification algorithm are proposed based on volumetric data from SPECT V/Q images. The difference in ventilation and perfusion volumes (VV-P) is defined as a quantitative metric to identify discordant defects in the SPECT images. The algorithm was validated with 22 patients grouped according to their diagnosis: (1) CTEPH and (2) respiratory pathology. Volumetric data from SPECT perfusion images was also compared before and after treatment for CTEPH. CTEPH was detected with a sensitivity of 0.67 and specificity of 0.80. The performance of volumetric data from SPECT perfusion images for the evaluation of treatment response was studied for two cases and improvement of pulmonary perfusion was observed in one case. This study uses volumetric data from SPECT V/Q images for the diagnosis of CTEPH and its differentiation from respiratory pathologies. The results indicate that the defined metric is a viable option for a quantitative analysis of SPECT V/Q images.
CTEPH | Pulmonary hypertension | SPECT V/Q | Quantification | Segmentation | Computer-assisted diagnosis | Treatment response
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