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dc.contributor.authordel Pozo, María del Pilar
dc.contributor.authorCriado-Navarro, Inmaculada
dc.contributor.authorRomieu, Isabelle
dc.contributor.authorChajès, Véronique
dc.contributor.authorPriego-Capote, Feliciano
dc.contributor.authorPollan-Santamaria, Marina 
dc.contributor.authorPerez-Gomez, Beatriz 
dc.contributor.authorSierra, Maria Angeles 
dc.contributor.authorde Lucas, Maria Pilar 
dc.contributor.authorCastelló Pastor, Adela 
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Moreno, Emma 
dc.contributor.authorFernandez de Larrea-Baz, Nerea 
dc.contributor.authorPastor-Barriuso, Roberto 
dc.contributor.authorLope Carvajal, Virginia
dc.identifier.citationNutrients . 2020 Jun 25;12(6):1895.es_ES
dc.description.abstractThis study investigates the still uncertain association between serum phospholipid fatty acids (PL-FA), and anthropometric and adiposity variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1443 Spanish premenopausal women. Participants answered an epidemiological and a food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric variables were measured using a bioimpedance scale. Serum PL-FAs levels were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The association between body mass index (BMI), weight gain, body fat percentage, visceral fat index, and waist circumference with serum PL-FAs and desaturation indices was evaluated using multivariable linear regression models. BMI was positively associated with the relative concentration of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) (β = 0.94, q-val = 0.001), and with palmitoleic, dihomo-γ-linolenic (DGLA), arachidonic (AA) and α-linolenic acids, and was inversely associated with oleic, gondoic, trans-vaccenic, linoleic and γ-linolenic acids. Total fat percentage was positively associated with DGLA and AA, and inversely with linoleic and γ-linolenic acids. Low relative concentrations of some SFAs and high levels of n-6 PUFAs were associated with greater waist circumference. While the oleic/stearic and AA/DGLA acid ratios were inversely associated with BMI, DGLA/linoleic acid ratio was positively related to almost all variables. In addition to BMI, total fat percentage and waist circumference were also associated with certain individual fatty acids.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the Carlos III Institute of Health (AESI intramural health action PI15CIII/0029). The article presents independent research. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Carlos III Institute of Health.es_ES
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) es_ES
dc.subjectDesaturation indexes_ES
dc.subjectFatty acids
dc.subjectBody mass index
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Index es_ES
dc.subject.meshFats es_ES
dc.subject.meshFatty Acids es_ES
dc.subject.meshObesity es_ES
dc.titleSerum Phospholipid Fatty Acids Levels, Anthropometric Variables and Adiposity in Spanish Premenopausal Womenes_ES
dc.typeresearch articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III 
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemiologíaes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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