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dc.contributor.advisorHidalgo Alonso, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorNicolás Ávila, José Ángel
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-07T08:49:01Z
dc.date.available2020-07-07T08:49:01Z
dc.date.issued2020-02-14
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/10674
dc.description.abstractClassically defined as defensive cells, macrophages are now known to be endowed with tissue-specific tasks unrelated to immunity (Davies et al., 2013). These pleiotropic functions are prominent in the heart, where tissue-resident macrophages have been shown to prevent fibrosis (Chakarov et al., 2019), facilitate electrical conduction in the atrioventricular node (Hulsmans et al., 2017), or to favour healing in injured areas (Dick et al., 2019; Nahrendorf and Swirski, 2013). Notwithstanding these observations, large numbers of macrophages of unknown functions populate other regions of the healthy heart, including the ventricular myocardium (Pinto et al., 2012), suggesting broader homeostatic functions for heart-resident macrophages.In this work, we have analysed macrophages lodged within the healthy murine myocardium, and find that they are broadly distributed and actively took cellular material derived from cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes ejected mitochondria in dedicated membranous particles reminiscent of neural exophers, through a process driven by the cardiomyocyte’s autophagy machinery that was enhanced during cardiac stress. Mitochondria disposed through exophers were largely dysfunctional, and were efficiently eliminated by adjacent macrophages. Recognition of cardiac exophers by the phagocytic receptor Mertk prevented inflammasome activation, mitochondrial dysfunction and proteostatic defects, while elimination of macrophages with genetic tools results in a severe cardiomyopathy. Our findings identify an immune-parenchymal pair in the murine heart that allows material transfer to preserve metabolic stability and cell homeostasis.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEl estudio ha sido financiado por los proyectos (120/C/2015-20153032) y SAF201565607-R otorgados al Dr. Andrés Hidalgo por la Fundació La Marató de TV3 y el Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MEIC), respectivamente. Por su parte, D. José Ángel Nicolás Ávila ha sido beneficiario de una beca FPI Severo Ochoa (SVP-2014-068595; MEIC). El CNIC recibe financiación del MEIC y la Fundación Pro-CNIC, y es un Centro de excelencia Severo Ochoa (SEV-2015-0505; MEIC).es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/*
dc.subjectMacrophagees_ES
dc.subjectMitochondriaes_ES
dc.subjectAutophagyes_ES
dc.subjectHeartes_ES
dc.subjectExopheres_ES
dc.titleDefining novel physiological roles for cardiac-residen Macrophageses_ES
dc.typeTesis doctorales_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional*
dc.identifier.doi10.4321/repisalud.10674
dc.contributor.funderCentro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderFundació La Maratóes_ES
dc.contributor.funderFundación ProCNICes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedNoes_ES
dc.repisalud.orgCNICCNIC::Grupos de investigación::Imagen de la Inflamación Cardiovascular y la Respuesta Inmunees_ES
dc.repisalud.institucionCNICes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/SEV-2015-0505es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/SAF201565607-Res_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccesses_ES


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Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional
This item is licensed under a: Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional