Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/10456
MARÍA CABRERIZO Molecular epidemiology of enterovirus and parechovirus infections according to patient age over a 4-year period in Spain. POSTPRINT
J Med Virol . 2017 Mar;89(3):435-442
The epidemiology and clinical association of enterovirus (EV) and parechovirus (HPeV) infections, as well as the type-distribution-according-to-age, were determined during a 4-year study period in Spain. During 2010-2013, a total of 21,832 clinical samples were screened for EV and the detection frequency was 6.5% (1,430). Of the total EV-negative samples, only 1,873 samples from 2011 to 2013 were available for HPeV testing. HPeV was detected in 42 (2%) of them. Positive samples were genotyped using PCR and sequencing. EV infections occurred in all age groups of patients: neonates (17%), children 28 days to 2 years (29%), children 2-14 years (40%), and adults (14%). Thirty-four different EV types were identified. HPeV infections were detected exclusively in infants <8 m (70% neonates, P < 0.05). All but one HPeV were HPeV-3. Differences in type frequency detection were found according to age and clinical manifestation. Coxsackievirus (CV)-B4 (61%), CV-B5 (83%), and HPeV-3 (64%) were more frequent in neonates than in older patients (P < 0.05). Echovirus (E)-3 (60%), E-18 (47%), E-25 (62%), CV-A6 (61%), CV-A16 (72%), and EV-71 (75%) were mainly detected in children 28 days to 2 years (P < 0.05), whereas, E-6 (79%), E-20 (88%), and E-30 (85%) were predominant in children >2 years and adults (P < 0.05). Clinically, meningitis was associated with EV (P < 0.01) whereas, encephalitis was more frequent in HPeV-infected patients. CV-B types were associated with myocarditis (90%; P < 0.05) and EV species A with hand-foot-mouth-disease/atypical exanthema (88%; P < 0.05). J. Med. Virol. 89:435-442, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Genotype | Adolescent | Adult | Age Factors | Aged | Aged, 80 and over | Child | Child, Preschool | Enterovirus | Enterovirus Infections | Female | Genotyping Techniques | Humans | Infant | Infant, Newborn | Male | Middle Aged | Molecular Epidemiology | Parechovirus | Picornaviridae Infections | Polymerase Chain Reaction | Prevalence | Sequence Analysis, DNA | Spain | Young Adult
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